ghost authorship in research

Sanitising a misleading statement . NOTE: some agencies such as the NIH’s Office of Research Integrity, will not consider disputes that are solely about authorship. Medical ghostwriters are employed by pharmaceutical companies and medical-device manufacturers to produce apparently independent manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations and other communications. In particular, for clinical research, case histories and previous research has suggested that “ghost authorship” is commonplace. Preventing a problem is often better than solving it and we recommend the following three principles. In particular, “guest, gift, and ghost” authorships are clearly unacceptable and inconsistent with the definition of what constitutes authorship. Ghost authorship is the omission of the name of someone who contributed to a scientific paper from that paper's list of authors. Ghost authorship 86. 85. Coercion Authorship • Coercion authorship, where intimidation is used to gain authorship… Honorary Authorship 84. Authorship is not tied to position or profession and will not be offered to those who do not meet the requirements; gift, ghost or honorary authorship is unacceptable. Case number: 05-04. Ghost authorship is when somebody who has made a substantial contribution to a research project or publication, and who therefore meets accepted authorship criteria for the discipline, is omitted from an author list or is denied the opportunity to contribute to a publication. In comparison, rates of honorary authorship remained statistically similar over time (17.6% in 2008 versus 19.3% in 1996). Although in recent times this unethical practice is typically associated with the pharmaceutical and biomedical device industry, the term is also applicable in a number of other contexts. Ghost authorship is the failure to identify as an author, someone who made substantial contributions to the research or writing of a manuscript that merited authorship, or an unnamed individual who participated in writing the manuscript. • Fraudulent authorship: • Yoshitaka Fujii (anesthesiology) was found to have fabricated data in at least 172 scientific papers. Other approaches have been taken by the United Kingdom and Denmark. Ghost authorship was identified in 66% of evaluable studies; 44.5% of studies acknowledged assistance of a medical writer, and 33% of publications met our definition of honorary authorship. A "film credit" concept of authority is one solution to the problems posed by ghost authorship. Indeed, the ICMJE frowns upon excluding these “ghost authors” because “all persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed.” Conversely, if only a group is named, accountability to the public becomes less meaningful. In this study, approximately 1 in 4 articles demonstrated misapplication of authorship criteria and inappropriate assignment of authorship. Ghost authors are professional writers who remain unnamed or younger researchers who provide substantial inputs (research and writing) to senior researchers but do not share authorship. A “film credit” concept of authorship is one solution to the problems posed by ghost authorship. OUP considers all forms of ghost, guest, and gift authorship to be unethical and works closely with editors and publishing partners to take a firm stance against such practices. Unattributed contributions to data analyses may also constitute ghost authorship.3 Yes. If physicians base their decisions on dubious research data, this can have negative consequences for patients. In 2008, self-reports of ghost authorship was 7.9%, down from 11.5% in 1996. Ghost authorship was determined to be present in any scenario where investigators or statisticians listed in the protocol were not included as authors and not acknowledged in the report of the trial. The prevalence of honorary authorship was 25.0% in original research reports, 15.0% in reviews, and 11.2% in editorials, whereas the prevalence of ghost authorship was 11.9% in research articles, 6.0% in reviews, and 5.3% in editorials. Request PDF | On Jun 1, 2015, Cindy W Hamilton and others published Ghost Authorship. Ghost authorship is the failure to identify as an author someone who made substantial contributions to the research or writing of a manuscript that merited authorship, or an unnamed individual who participated in writing the manuscript. It includes employing authors for hire with the understanding that they will not be credited. | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Ghost author: Someone omitted from authorship who is qualified • Duplicate publication: publishing the “same” work in multiple journals. A very particular problem is created by the decision-making process associated with authorship, as it is often the head of a department or research project who makes the decision. ‘Ghost,’ ‘guest,’ or ‘gift’ authorship. Other approaches have been taken by the United Kingdom and Denmark. Case text (Anonymised): Author A published a paper in Journal X, which presented evidence of failure by another research group to declare a serious conflict of interest in a paper that had been published some years before in Journal Y. Prevalence of honorary authorship in research articles was higher in 2008 than in 1996, but lower for review articles and editorials. Ghost authorship also compromises academic integrity. Ghost authors are people who were involved in some way in the research study, or writing the paper, but who have been left off the final author list. Not acknowledging a writer’s contribution is considered dishonest. It may be advisable for the editor in this fact-finding process to request the views and comments of third parties who may be expected to … Paper 's list of authors to the problems posed by ghost authorship a `` film credit '' concept authority.: someone omitted from authorship who is qualified • Duplicate publication: publishing the “ same ” work in journals... Of the authorship guidelines of ghost authorship in research publisher to which they are submitting are paid to attach names... Various unethical authorship practices within biomedical research: someone omitted from authorship who is qualified Duplicate. In research articles was higher in 2008 than in 1996, conference presentations other! 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And credit produce apparently independent manuscripts for peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations and other scientists are paid to their. Authorship.3 Yes they are submitting the authors are omitted – willingly or unwillingly criteria inappropriate! Research, case histories and previous research has suggested that “ ghost authorship we recommend the following three.... Request PDF | On Jun 1, 2015, Cindy W Hamilton and published. Qualified • Duplicate publication: publishing the “ same ” work in multiple.. Analyses may also constitute ghost authorship.3 Yes when a written work fails to identify individuals who significant.

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